Year 2018, Volume 15 , Issue 2, Pages 16 - 22 2018-12-25

Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age

Kebede Senbeta Ewonetu [1] , Asefa Kasaye [2]


The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of egg weight on hatchability, body weight, body weight gain, feed intake, feed efficiency, mortality, hen day egg production and egg weight. Hatching eggs (576) from a White Leghorn breeder flock were obtained at the age of 36 weeks and purposively divided into 3 egg-weight categories, namely small, medium, and large sizes having weights 44.26±0.21g, 50.39±0.11g, and 55.39±0.23g, respectively. Each egg group randomly further divided into three replicates each contained of 64 eggs in a completely randomized design. Eggs were incubated and hatched chicks were individually counted and weighed to determine the hatchability. Chicks hatched from similar egg size were grouped according to their initial treatment and replication. The male and female chicks were intensively raised together for 8 weeks and then only female birds maintained in the experimental conditions for fifty weeks. Data were summarized using the General Linear Model of SAS and the means were separated using Fisher’s LSD test. This study showed that egg sizes had significantly influenced (p<0.0001) all parameters measured during the experimental periods. However, birds hatched from large sized eggs were suitable for better hatchling weight, survival, hen day egg production and egg weight whereas chickens hatched from small egg sizes were relatively better for hatchability, feed efficiency during growing stage and between 40-50 weeks. Chickens hatched from medium egg sizes were principally better for weight gain during brooder and grower stages with minimum feed efficiency. In conclusion; egg weight significantly effected the overall characteristics of chickens from day old to 50 weeks of age and the effect of egg weight only diminish for mortality after brooder stage. 

Age, Chicken, Egg weight, Egg size
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Author: Kebede Senbeta Ewonetu (Primary Author)
Institution: School of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa
Country: Ethiopia


Author: Asefa Kasaye
Institution: School of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa
Country: Ethiopia


Dates

Publication Date : December 25, 2018

Bibtex @research article { jpr492774, journal = {Journal of Poultry Research}, issn = {1302-3209}, eissn = {2147-9003}, address = {avukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Şehit Cem Ersever Caddesi 9/11 Gayret Mahallesi Yenimahalle/ANKARA}, publisher = {Tavukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü}, year = {2018}, volume = {15}, pages = {16 - 22}, doi = {}, title = {Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age}, key = {cite}, author = {Senbeta Ewonetu, Kebede and Kasaye, Asefa} }
APA Senbeta Ewonetu, K , Kasaye, A . (2018). Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age. Journal of Poultry Research , 15 (2) , 16-22 . Retrieved from http://www.turkishpoultryscience.com/en/issue/40835/492774
MLA Senbeta Ewonetu, K , Kasaye, A . "Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age". Journal of Poultry Research 15 (2018 ): 16-22 <http://www.turkishpoultryscience.com/en/issue/40835/492774>
Chicago Senbeta Ewonetu, K , Kasaye, A . "Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age". Journal of Poultry Research 15 (2018 ): 16-22
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age AU - Kebede Senbeta Ewonetu , Asefa Kasaye Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Poultry Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 16 EP - 22 VL - 15 IS - 2 SN - 1302-3209-2147-9003 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Tavukçuluk Araştırma Dergisi Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age %A Kebede Senbeta Ewonetu , Asefa Kasaye %T Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age %D 2018 %J Journal of Poultry Research %P 1302-3209-2147-9003 %V 15 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Senbeta Ewonetu, Kebede , Kasaye, Asefa . "Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age". Journal of Poultry Research 15 / 2 (December 2018): 16-22 .
AMA Senbeta Ewonetu K , Kasaye A . Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age. JPS. 2018; 15(2): 16-22.
Vancouver Senbeta Ewonetu K , Kasaye A . Effect of Egg Weight on post-Hatch Performance of White Leghorn Chicken Breed from Day-old to Laying Age. Journal of Poultry Research. 2018; 15(2): 22-16.