Yıl 2019, Cilt 16 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 39 - 47 2019-12-31

Affecting Factors of Egg Weight
Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler

Hüseyin GÖGER [1]


In layer sector, egg weight is always an economically important feature and has a critical impact on consumption due to various preferences. The purpose of this article is to review some researches on the factors affecting egg weight. Laying hens genetically have an average egg weight, but on this trait live weight, feeding and lighting programs also have an important effect. In order to achieve optimal egg weight, non-genetic factors can be controlled by egg producers. Because there is a positive genetic correlation between body weight at first egg and egg weight, one of the important factors that affects egg weight is the hen’s body weight at first egg. Hens had low body weight at first egg produce small eggs. Hens are sensitive to light and dark; this phenomenon has a significant effect on number of produced egg and egg weight. Energy, lipid, protein and amino acid levels of feed have effects on egg weight. As a result of the advances in molecular genetics recently, researches have been carried out to elucidate the genetic basis of egg weight. In addition, this review is including information which researches on the relationship between egg weight and genetic structure of chickens.

Yumurta tavukçuluğu sektöründe, yumurta ağırlığı her zaman ekonomik olarak önemli bir özelliktir ve çeşitli tercihler nedeniyle tüketim üzerinde önemli bir etkiye sahiptir. Bu makalenin amacı; yumurta ağırlığını etkileyen faktörler üzerinde yapılmış bazı araştırmaları gözden geçirmektir. Yumurtacı tavuklar genetik olarak ortalama bir yumurta ağırlığına sahiptir fakat bu ağırlık üzerinde; canlı ağırlık, besleme ve aydınlatma programlarının da önemli etkisi olmaktadır. Optimum yumurta ağırlığını sağlayabilmek için, genetik olmayan faktörler yumurta üreticileri tarafından kontrol edilebilir.  Cinsel olgunluk ağırlığı ile yumurta ağırlığı arasında pozitif genetik korelasyon olduğundan, yumurta ağırlığını etkileyen önemli faktörlerden biri, tavukların cinsel olgunluk ağırlığıdır. Cinsel olgunluk ağırlığı belirli seviyenin altında olan tavukların yumurtaları küçük olmaktadır. Tavuklar aydınlığa ve karanlığa karşı duyarlıdır ve bunun yumurta sayısı ve yumurta ağırlığı üzerinde önemli etkisi vardır. Yumurta ağırlığı üzerinde rasyonun enerji, yağ,  protein ve amino asit düzeyleri de etkili olmaktadır. Günümüzde moleküler genetikteki gelişmelere bağlı olarak, yumurta ağırlığının genetik temelini aydınlatmak amacıyla araştırmalar yapılmaktadır. Bu derleme, tavukların yumurta ağırlığı ile genetik yapısı arasındaki ilişkileri araştıran çalışmaları da içermektedir.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Ziraat, Sütçülük ve Hayvan Bilimleri
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Yazar: Hüseyin GÖGER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Tavukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @derleme { jpr595162, journal = {Journal of Poultry Research}, issn = {1302-3209}, eissn = {2147-9003}, address = {avukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Şehit Cem Ersever Caddesi 9/11 Gayret Mahallesi Yenimahalle/ANKARA}, publisher = {Tavukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü}, year = {2019}, volume = {16}, pages = {39 - 47}, doi = {10.34233/jpr.595162}, title = {Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler}, key = {cite}, author = {GÖGER, Hüseyin} }
APA GÖGER, H . (2019). Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler. Journal of Poultry Research , 16 (2) , 39-47 . DOI: 10.34233/jpr.595162
MLA GÖGER, H . "Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler". Journal of Poultry Research 16 (2019 ): 39-47 <http://www.turkishpoultryscience.com/tr/issue/50928/595162>
Chicago GÖGER, H . "Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler". Journal of Poultry Research 16 (2019 ): 39-47
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler AU - Hüseyin GÖGER Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.34233/jpr.595162 DO - 10.34233/jpr.595162 T2 - Journal of Poultry Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 39 EP - 47 VL - 16 IS - 2 SN - 1302-3209-2147-9003 M3 - doi: 10.34233/jpr.595162 UR - https://doi.org/10.34233/jpr.595162 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Tavukçuluk Araştırma Dergisi Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler %A Hüseyin GÖGER %T Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler %D 2019 %J Journal of Poultry Research %P 1302-3209-2147-9003 %V 16 %N 2 %R doi: 10.34233/jpr.595162 %U 10.34233/jpr.595162
ISNAD GÖGER, Hüseyin . "Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler". Journal of Poultry Research 16 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 39-47 . https://doi.org/10.34233/jpr.595162
AMA GÖGER H . Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler. JPS. 2019; 16(2): 39-47.
Vancouver GÖGER H . Yumurta Ağırlığını Etkileyen Faktörler. Journal of Poultry Research. 2019; 16(2): 47-39.