Yıl 2019, Cilt 16 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 48 - 54 2019-12-31

Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler
The Structure of Eggshell and Factors Affecting Shell Quality in Chickens

E. Ebru ONBAŞILAR [1] , İnes TABİB [2]


Yumurta hayvansal ürünler içerisinde en kaliteli proteine sahip olup A, D, E, K ve B grubu vitaminler ile demir ve fosfor gibi mineral maddeler bakımından da zengindir. Yumurtanın besin değerini kaybetmesine sebep olan önemli faktörlerin başında kabuk kalitesinin bozulmasına bağlı olan kırık yumurta problemleri gelmektedir. Yumurtanın kabuk kalitesi, hem üretici hem de tüketici yönünden oldukça önemlidir. Kabuk kalitesinin kötüleşmesi kırık oranının artmasına bağlı olarak mikrobiyel bulaşmanın artmasına ve raf ömrünün kısalmasına neden olmaktadır. Yumurtanın kabuk kalitesini genotip, yaş, yumurtlama zamanı, rasyon, su kalitesi, yetiştirme sistemi, stres, sıcaklık, nem ve hastalıklar gibi birçok faktör etkilemektedir. Kabuğun yapısı ve bunu etkileyen faktörlerin bilinmesi hem ekonomik kaybın azaltılması hem de insanlar tarafından daha sağlıklı yumurta tüketiminin sağlanması açısından önemlidir. Bu derlemede tavuk yumurta kabuğunun yapısı ve kabuk kalitesini etkileyen faktörler özetlenmiştir. 

Eggs have the highest quality protein in animal products and are rich in A, D, E, K and B vitamins and mineral substances such as iron and phosphorus. The most important factors that cause the egg to lose its nutritional value are broken egg problems due to the deterioration of the shell quality. Eggshell quality is important for both producer and consumer. The deterioration of the eggshell quality results in increased fracture rate, microbial contamination and shorter shelf life. Eggshell quality is determined by many factors such as genotype, age, oviposition time, ration, water quality, rearing system, stress, temperature and diseases. Knowing the structure of the eggshell and the factors affecting it are important in terms of both reducing economic loss and ensuring healthier egg consumption. In this review, the structure of the chicken eggshell and factors affecting shell quality are summarized.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik, Ziraat
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Yazar: E. Ebru ONBAŞILAR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ANKARA VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: İnes TABİB
Kurum: ANKARA VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @derleme { jpr602210, journal = {Journal of Poultry Research}, issn = {1302-3209}, eissn = {2147-9003}, address = {avukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Şehit Cem Ersever Caddesi 9/11 Gayret Mahallesi Yenimahalle/ANKARA}, publisher = {Tavukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü}, year = {2019}, volume = {16}, pages = {48 - 54}, doi = {10.34233/jpr.602210}, title = {Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler}, key = {cite}, author = {ONBAŞILAR, E. Ebru and TABİB, İnes} }
APA ONBAŞILAR, E , TABİB, İ . (2019). Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler. Journal of Poultry Research , 16 (2) , 48-54 . DOI: 10.34233/jpr.602210
MLA ONBAŞILAR, E , TABİB, İ . "Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler". Journal of Poultry Research 16 (2019 ): 48-54 <http://www.turkishpoultryscience.com/tr/issue/50928/602210>
Chicago ONBAŞILAR, E , TABİB, İ . "Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler". Journal of Poultry Research 16 (2019 ): 48-54
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler AU - E. Ebru ONBAŞILAR , İnes TABİB Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.34233/jpr.602210 DO - 10.34233/jpr.602210 T2 - Journal of Poultry Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 48 EP - 54 VL - 16 IS - 2 SN - 1302-3209-2147-9003 M3 - doi: 10.34233/jpr.602210 UR - https://doi.org/10.34233/jpr.602210 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Tavukçuluk Araştırma Dergisi Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler %A E. Ebru ONBAŞILAR , İnes TABİB %T Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler %D 2019 %J Journal of Poultry Research %P 1302-3209-2147-9003 %V 16 %N 2 %R doi: 10.34233/jpr.602210 %U 10.34233/jpr.602210
ISNAD ONBAŞILAR, E. Ebru , TABİB, İnes . "Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler". Journal of Poultry Research 16 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 48-54 . https://doi.org/10.34233/jpr.602210
AMA ONBAŞILAR E , TABİB İ . Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler. JPS. 2019; 16(2): 48-54.
Vancouver ONBAŞILAR E , TABİB İ . Tavuklarda Yumurta Kabuğunun Yapısı ve Kabuk Kalitesini Etkileyen Faktörler. Journal of Poultry Research. 2019; 16(2): 54-48.