Yıl 2019, Cilt 16 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 55 - 61 2019-12-31

Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh

Mohammad BHUİYAN [1] , Abu Jofar FERDAUS [2] , A. K. F. H. BHUİYAN [3] , Begum HASSİN [4] , Md. ALİ [5]


The study was conducted to investigate the body dimension, morphometric features and inheritance pattern of indigenous dwarf chicken (IDC) of Bangladesh under intensive management condition. The experiment was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU) poultry farm for a period of 28 months from March 2013 to June 2015 including a total of 979 birds. Body weight, shank length and circumference, chest girth, length of trunk, wing, keel and body, and body conformation indices were recorded at 8, 24 and 52 weeks of age. The average shank length, shank circumference and live weight at 24th week in adult dwarf males and females were 7.38 and 4.37 cm, 6.20 and 3.63 cm, and 1650 and 1067 g, respectively. The reduction of live weight for dwarf male and female chickens relative to their normal shank counterpart (NSC) at same age was 14.06 and 16.05%, respectively. Length of body, trunk, wing, shank and keel of IDC were also significantly shorter than NSC at all ages. The indices of shape, massiveness and long leggedness of NSC were significantly greater than IDC almost all ages. Shank lengths of day old chicks were measured within 1.4-1.6 cm. The ratio of non-dwarf and dwarf in indigenous chicken populations was found 9:7 for 1st generation where significant deviation observed in subsequent generations.  Among the dwarf progeny, the male and female ratio was close to 1:1. Current hypothesis is in favor of autosomal dwarfism control by at least 2 pairs of genes where duplicate recessive gene interaction also known as complementary gene effect has probably been exerted between two pairs of genes. In conclusion, the present estimates give some insight information on morphometry and body conformational aspects between normal shanked and dwarf chickens which relate with lowered motoric activity, reduced metabolic rate and their body surface-mass makes the dwarf birds suitable for hot-humid climate like Bangladesh.

Dwarf chicken, Morphometry, Body conformation, Inheritance pattern, Bangladesh
  • Asmundson, V.S. 1926. Inheritance of side-sprigs. Data on the inheritance of side-sprigs on the combs of single comb White Leghorns. J. Hered. 17: 280.
  • Bhuiyan, M.S.A., Chen, S., Faruque, S., Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H. and Beja-Pereira, A. 2013. Genetic diversity and maternal origin of Bangladeshi chicken. Mol. Biol. Rep. DOI 10.1007/s11033-013-2522-6.
  • Chen, C.F., Chen, Y.H., Tixier-Boichard, M., Cheng, P.Y., Chang, C.S., Tang, P.C. and Lee, Y.P. 2009. Effects of the chicken sex-linked dwarf gene on growth and muscle development. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 22: 937-942.
  • Cole, R.K. 2000. An autosomal dwarfism in the domestic fowl. Poult. Sci. 79: 1507-1516.
  • Cole, R.K. 1973. An autosomal dwarfism in the fowl. Poult. Sci. 52:2012-2013.
  • Crew, F.A.E. 1925. Animal Genetics: An Introduction to the Science of Animal Breeding. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. pp. 44-52.
  • Custodio, R.W. S. and Jaap, R.G. 1973. Sex-linked reduction of body size in Golden Sebright Batnams. Poult. Sci. 52: 204-210.
  • Decuypere, E., Huybrechts, L.M., Kuhn, E.R., Tixier-Biochard, M., Merat, P. 1991. Physiological alterations associated with the chicken sex-linked dwarfing gene. Crit. Rev. of Poult. Biol. 3: 191-221.
  • Dunnington, E.A. and Siegel, P.B. 1984. Thermoregulation in newly hatched chicks. Poult. Sci., 63(7): 1303-1313.
  • Erf, G.F. and Marsh, J.A. 1987. Triiodothyronine affects mitogen responsiveness in sex linked dwarf and Cornell K strain chickens. Develop. Comp. Immun. 11(2): 395-406.
  • F.A.O. 2012. Phenotypic characterization of animal genetic resources. Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome, Italy.
  • Faruque, S., Siddiquee, N.U., Afroz, M.A. and Islam, M.S. 2010. Phenotypic characterization of Native Chicken reared under intensive management system. J. Bang. Agric. Univ. 8: 79-82.
  • Godfrey, E.F.1953. The genetic control of growth and adult body weight in the domestic fowl. Poult. Sci., 32: 248-259.
  • Guillaume, J. 1976. The dwarfing gene dw: its effects on anatomy, physiology, nutrition, management and its application in poultry industry. World Poult. Sci. J. 32: 285-304.
  • Horst, P., Mathur, P.K. and Valle Zarate, A. 1996. Breeding policies for specific tropical environments using appropriate combination of major genes. Proceedings of 20th Worl. Poult. Con. New Delhi. 1: 633-640.
  • Hsu, P.L., Buckland, R.B., Hawes, R.O. 1975. A new dwarf isolate in the chicken: a possible new allele at the dw locus. Poult. Sci. 54: 1315-1319.
  • Hussain, S.A., Horst, P., Mukherjee, T.K., Tawfik, E.S. 1982. Genotype Environment Interaction in layers involving dwarf gene (dw) and its normal (Dw) allele. Anim. Prod. Heal. Trop. pp.195-198.
  • Hutt, F.B. 1953. Genetics, 38:670. In: Guillaume, J. 1976. The dwarfing gene dw: its effects on anatomy, physiology, nutrition, management. Its application in poultry industry. Worl. Poult. Sci. J. 32: 285-304.
  • Islam, A.B.M., Hoque, M.M. and Rahim, Q.M.F. 1981. Reproductive performance of upgraded indigenous chicken. Poult. Adv. 14: 33-37.
  • Islam, M.A. and Nishibori M. 2009. Indigenous naked neck chicken: a valuable genetic resource for Bangladesh. World Poult. Sci. J. 65: 125-138.
  • Jaap, R.G. 1971. Effect of sex-linked genes on body size and reproduction. World Poult. Sci. J. 27: 281-282.
  • Jaap, R. G. 1941. Body form in growing chicken. J. Agric. Res. 62:431-443.
  • Kgwatalala, P.M., Nogayagae, M. and Nsoso, S.J. 2012. Growth performance of different strains of indigenous Tswana chickens under intensive management system. Afric. J. Agric. Res. 7: 2438-2445.
  • Kokoszyński, D., Bernacki, Z.; Duszyński, L. 2012. Body conformation, carcass composition and physicochemical and sensory properties of meat from pheasants of different origin. Czech J. Anim. Sci. 57(3):115-124.
  • Leenstra, F.R. and Pit, R. 1984. The autosomal dwarf as broiler sire mated to normal and sex-linked dwarf broiler dams: Performance of progeny. XVII World's Poultry Congress and Exhibition (August 8–12), Finland.
  • Maciejowski, J. and Zeiba, T. 1982. Genetics and Animal Breeding. Amsterdam-Oxford-New York, PWN-Polish scientific publishers, Warszama.Maw, A.J.G. 1935. The inheritance of skeletal dimensions in the domestic fowl. Sci. Agric. 16: 85-112.
  • Mendes, M., Dincer, E., Arslan, E., 2007. Profile Analysis and Growth Curve for Body Mass Index of Broiler Chickens Reared Under Different Feed Restrictions in Early Age. Arch. Tierz. Dummer. 50: 403-411.
  • Olawunmi, O.O., Salako, A.E. and Afuwape, A. A. 2008. Morphometric differentiation and assessment of function of the Fulani and Yoruba ecotype indigenous chickens of Nigeria. Inter. J. Morp. 26: 975-980.
  • Pandey, A. 1996. Studies on mini layer for egg production. Proceedings of 20th Worlds Poultry Congress. September 2-5, 1996. New Delhi, India. Vol. IV pp. 44.
  • Petersen, J., Horst, P., Seehawer, J. 1977. Effects of the dwarfing gene on growth parameter and their genetic basis in laying hens. Archiv fur Geflug. 41(2): 72-75.
  • Raut, S.N., Khan, A.G., Nema, R.P., Bhardwaj, J.K. 1996. Influence of sex on shank length and association of shank length with economic traits, in colour dwarf Krishna-J layer. Proceedings of 20th world`s poultry Congress September 2-5, 1996. New Delhi, India, Vol. IV p.33.
  • Reddy, P.R.K. and Siegel, P.B. 1977. Selection for body weight at eight weeks of age 14. Effects of the sex-linked dwarf gene. Poult. Sci. 56(3): 1004-1013.
  • Ricard, F. H. 1970. Study of a sex-linked dwarf gene in the fowl. Observations of growth and carcass characteristics in the young chicken. Anim. Genet. Select. 2:19-31.
  • Sarker, N.R., Hoque, A., Faruque, S., Islam, N. and Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H. 2014. An ex situ study on body characteristics and effect of plumage color on body weight of indigenous chicken (Gallus domesticus) in Bangladesh. Acta Scientiarum. Anim. Sci. 36: 79-84.
  • Scanes, C.G., Marsh, J., Decuypere, E., Rudas, P. 1983. Abnormalities in the plasma concentrations of thyroxine, tri-iodothyronine and growth hormone in sex linked dwarf White Leghorn domestic fowl (Gallus domesticus). J. Endocrinol. 97(1): 127-135.
  • Uddin, M.H., Ali, A., Akter, Y. and Khatun, M.A. 2011. Geographical distribution, classification, characterization and conservation of different native chicken of Bangladesh. Bang. Res. Public. J. 5:227-233.
  • Wu, C., Ning, Z., Yang, N. 1998. Use dwarf gene (dw) to breed small type brown layer. Proceedings of 6th Asian Pacific Poultry Congress. June 4-7, 1998. Nagoya, Japan. pp. 248-249.
  • Yeasmin, T. and Howlider, M.A.R. 1998. Comparative physical features egg production and egg quality characteristics of normal and dwarf indigenous hens of Bangladesh. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 13: 191.
  • Yeasmin, T. and Howlider, M.A.R. 2013. Effects of autosomal dwarf gene on growth and shank length of chicken. The Bang. Vet. 30: 25-32.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Ziraat, Sütçülük ve Hayvan Bilimleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Mohammad BHUİYAN
Kurum: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Ülke: Bangladesh


Yazar: Abu Jofar FERDAUS (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Jhenidah Govt. Veterinary College
Ülke: Bangladesh


Yazar: A. K. F. H. BHUİYAN
Kurum: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Ülke: Bangladesh


Yazar: Begum HASSİN
Kurum: Jhenidah Govt. Veterinary College
Ülke: Bangladesh


Yazar: Md. ALİ
Kurum: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Ülke: Bangladesh


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jpr605051, journal = {Journal of Poultry Research}, issn = {1302-3209}, eissn = {2147-9003}, address = {avukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü Şehit Cem Ersever Caddesi 9/11 Gayret Mahallesi Yenimahalle/ANKARA}, publisher = {Tavukçuluk Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü}, year = {2019}, volume = {16}, pages = {55 - 61}, doi = {10.34233/jpr.605051}, title = {Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh}, key = {cite}, author = {BHUİYAN, Mohammad and FERDAUS, Abu Jofar and BHUİYAN, A. K. F. H. and HASSİN, Begum and ALİ, Md.} }
APA BHUİYAN, M , FERDAUS, A , BHUİYAN, A , HASSİN, B , ALİ, M . (2019). Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh. Journal of Poultry Research , 16 (2) , 55-61 . DOI: 10.34233/jpr.605051
MLA BHUİYAN, M , FERDAUS, A , BHUİYAN, A , HASSİN, B , ALİ, M . "Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh". Journal of Poultry Research 16 (2019 ): 55-61 <http://www.turkishpoultryscience.com/tr/issue/50928/605051>
Chicago BHUİYAN, M , FERDAUS, A , BHUİYAN, A , HASSİN, B , ALİ, M . "Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh". Journal of Poultry Research 16 (2019 ): 55-61
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh AU - Mohammad BHUİYAN , Abu Jofar FERDAUS , A. K. F. H. BHUİYAN , Begum HASSİN , Md. ALİ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.34233/jpr.605051 DO - 10.34233/jpr.605051 T2 - Journal of Poultry Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 55 EP - 61 VL - 16 IS - 2 SN - 1302-3209-2147-9003 M3 - doi: 10.34233/jpr.605051 UR - https://doi.org/10.34233/jpr.605051 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Tavukçuluk Araştırma Dergisi Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh %A Mohammad BHUİYAN , Abu Jofar FERDAUS , A. K. F. H. BHUİYAN , Begum HASSİN , Md. ALİ %T Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh %D 2019 %J Journal of Poultry Research %P 1302-3209-2147-9003 %V 16 %N 2 %R doi: 10.34233/jpr.605051 %U 10.34233/jpr.605051
ISNAD BHUİYAN, Mohammad , FERDAUS, Abu Jofar , BHUİYAN, A. K. F. H. , HASSİN, Begum , ALİ, Md. . "Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh". Journal of Poultry Research 16 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 55-61 . https://doi.org/10.34233/jpr.605051
AMA BHUİYAN M , FERDAUS A , BHUİYAN A , HASSİN B , ALİ M . Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh. JPS. 2019; 16(2): 55-61.
Vancouver BHUİYAN M , FERDAUS A , BHUİYAN A , HASSİN B , ALİ M . Body Conformation, Morphometry Indices and Inheritance Pattern of Indigenous Dwarf Chickens of Bangladesh. Journal of Poultry Research. 2019; 16(2): 61-55.